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The Challenges of Global Security

US EMBASSY LOGOMigrations, involvement and activities in NATO all tackle different aspects of security of a country or any other actor and therefore, in the sense of realpolitik, represent one of the main concerns and priorities of different actors in international community.

The aim of the project was to contribute towards strengthening the debate in Slovenia about global security challenges and key national security interests by engaging civil society stakeholders, members of the business community, as well as representatives of government institutions in an open and substantive debate on these issues.

The importance of creating such a platform was very high, because all the aspects of different threats can be tackled and discussed in advance at one place. Furthermore, identifying key issues, which can threat global and with that national security, are of key importance for Slovenia’s policy-makers in order to clearly define national and foreign policy priorities.

With both panel discussions, organised in April 2016 (panel on migrations) and July 2016 (panel on NATO) it is possible to conclude that migrant crisis, cooperation at international and European level is of high importance. Moreover, distinction between humanitarian and security aspects of the crisis is very much important, because passage of such a number of people entering in the EU represents on the one hand severe humanitarian and on the other, security crisis. Unilateral decisions of the Members States should be avoided; instead, common actions at the EU level should be taken. Furthermore, focusing on the education and integration of young is of high importance in Slovenia and in also in other Member States. Preparing a clear, simple plan on how to implement the integration plans and how the efficiency of it will be measured.

In addition, as migration crisis largely influenced on the relations within the EU, NATO has to be prepared to the new security challenges and has to consolidate the values on which alliance stands on. It has to raise its legitimacy and be prepared to modern challenges, such as cyber-attacks, fight against the terrorism, climate changes and other modern era security challenges. Members of the alliance should also take a closer look to the budgeting of the NATO and their share, because unfortunately financial input is a lot of times very much connected also with the effectiveness of a member to respond to a different security threats.

As a member of NATO, EU, UN and other international organizations, Slovenia is actively involved in all the aspects of global security, meaning that different security threats can influence on its national and foreign policy. First objective of the foreign policy of the Republic of Slovenia identified in the recently adopted Strategy of Foreign Policy of the Republic of Slovenia is security. Therefore, special attention should be given to the reconsidering the values and ideas which brought Slovenia to NATO and EU. Slovenia should become more proactive and directly involved in different alliances in order to be able to keep up with larger countries, with more financial assets. Neglecting the security aspects will in long-term only harm Slovenia, therefore concrete reforms should be done in the security sector in Slovenia in order to respond appropriately to the security challenges we are currently facing with.

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